ҤԴ.

ҾҤ ⾸ѡ
Ҵعͧª
(ͨҡѺ )

չҾٴ֧ "ѵ" (innovation) ͧѧªҵ "ح" Сѧ͸Ժ " ͧح" ѧ診 ͧա¤ Ƿ Ҿ͸Ժ ֧ͷ "Ѩ" ŧ

ǹҶ֧ͷ "" Ẻ

ͧ "" "ª" (ѵ) ѧչ·è͸Ժ ѹա դӤѭ ֡ҡ

"ͻª" ͧԺؤ ͡ С 蹡ѹ

. "ª쵹" (ѵѵ) "" "Ѻ" 㹢зա СѺ Ҩѵ çҹ ѾԹԹͧ ʾҧ ѹҨҡٻ§ "ѹ Сѹ" ҡ "" "Ѻ" 㴻ԺѵԸ仡Ѻҡ öŴ㹨Ե 蹡 "ª쵹" "ѵ" (ª٧֧дѺä) ѹԴѹѺ з 㹢ǡѹ ª֧ "ä" ֧ "" ء

. "ª" (ѵ) ¶֧ 繻ªͼ 蹤 áѵ çҹѾԹ Թͧ ʾҧ ѹҨҡٻ§ "" ö "Ѻ" ӨԵ㨢ͧŴ Ѻ觷Ѻ 蹡 "ª" "ѵ" ѹԴѹ Ѻ з 㹢ǡѹ "ª" Сù ҡ

. "ª " (ѵ) 駵з駼 ͷ駼з駼Ѻ ҧѺª ¡ѹѹ 㹢ǡѹ Сǡѹ 觻ª ͧ "ª" ¤ 駵 з駼 öӨԵ Ŵ Ѻҡ駤 "ª " "ѵ" ѹԴѹ Ѻ ѵ çҹ ѾԹԹͧ ʾҧ ѹҨҡٻ§ "ѹСѹ" ¡ "ª " (ѵ)

"ѵ" ¶֧ "" "-Żª-ѵ-ԭ" ͧǺح ֧ѺҾ ࢵšص ͷ֧մ Ӥѭ 蹤 Ǻح ѵ çҹ ѾԹԹͧ
ʾҧ ѹҨҡٻ§ "ѹСѹ" 鹡ҡ й աûԺѵ ԵŴԧ 仾ѹ ǺحöѺ ""

"" Դ ͻª "ѵ" (ª ͻª٧) 觼黯ԺѵԵͧ 㹤 "Ե..ਵԡ..ٻ..Ծҹ" դö 㹡ûԺѵ Ըբͧطҧ "ҷԯ"

"" ͧǺح ¡ "" "Żª" ֧ "ѵ" ѹ "Ժҡ" ԴǵҢͧ "ح" ҷѧ¹ ¹Դ ҺԹԾҹ


"" Դ ըԧ繨ԧ ¤繢ͧԧ ¡ "-ª" (ѵ) ֧ҡ ""ԧ ੾ʹҾط ¾оطҹ

"" ͧ "ح" ͷ ͸Ժ¡ѹҶ֧Ҵ ѹͧһҴ ѹ "" ѹ "ǹ" ѹ§ Ѻ "ع" š֡ "ح" Ѻ "ع" Ѵ ѵ١ѹ ҧ ʹͧ ѧѹ 仴¡ѹ ҧŧ աҧҡ кح "" ǹع "" ͽ˹Թ "" ա˹Թ "" ѹջѭ 觡ѹ Ѵ駡ѹ ѵ١ѹ Ե ԴռŻªѹ ·ն¡ѹ еҧդԹ 駼駼Ѻ آ¡ѹ آѹ

Ǥ "Ѻ" آ㨷 "Ѻ" 觹 ҧ Һͤҡͧҡ "" (آ) ǹ "" 鹡آ зӡŴСʢͧŧ ä 㹢з "" 觹ҧ͡ "Ѻ" (ٻآ)

ѧ ֧ѧ֡ èٴѹѧա "" ͧѧحդѺ Ͷ͡ѹ ¹Ӥѭ֡ ᵡҧҡ ѧع

кǹ÷ҧѧͧ "ع" ǤԴѹ繤Թ "" ¶֧ "ǹԹع" öԹҡ Թջմ Դ¡ͧѹ 繤 ѹبԵ صԸ ֧ ֧ҡ ҡ ѧ繵

"ح"Ѻ Թͧô "ع" ǤԴѧǹ 繡 "Ҵع" ҧ Ѩеҧҡ 觺ǡ"Թع"ҡ ҡѺ "Ҵع" ҡҹ ǤԴѹ繤Թ ͧǺح Ѻ Ͷ͡ѹ بԵصԸ ѧ Ǻح ֧Ŵ "ӡҷع" Ŵҡ 觪 "" ҡҹ

Ǻح ԸդԴԸշӢͧǷع 繡÷¤ ѧ

[յͩѺ˹]

(ҤԴ Ѻ Ҿѹ )