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ѧʧҹսŧĴŧ תѹ駢ҧҧз躹ͺǪ͹˹ҽ ͺ͹شһҨشáԴ 駷ǧ ͡ §ͧѹ 㨷齹

اդ繵ͧШءͧͧ Ҩ͡ʡШʺҹҹҴºҧ ´ŧҡ

ѡҵآҾյʹҡͧӤѭҡ áӤѭ͹仡ҡѹ йѡ ԺѵԸ˹觫¡ͧ "ȡ" ѧѵҡ Դҹ ѧѵҡ 駷ºٹä еҹ

͡ҧ͹¹ ҹѧѵԷ "ҹǹآҾ" (¸Թ ԴҤ÷ Ң ʹ) ١ҡҧԴټԴ ˹ѧ;ѡ˭ŧٻкҹ Һ èҹúҧ 駹 ͧѺҡ Ҥᾧ ʹö õ ֧ҡѹش˹عҧѺ Тҹ͡ǡѧ͵͹Ѻ١

͡ ⾸ᾷ ҹ繹ѡ¹蹡͹ ¹ǡѺááԹŧ˹ѧ; ҹҹ Դ¹ͧҹըӹǹҡ·㹡ا෾ еҧѧѴ

ѹ鹷ҹ蹡ͧʹյ 繼ѧѺͧѾû׹˭§ ·㹡ͧѹͧҹ ˹ 繹ѡ¹ǡѺ ʹԷѹҡ ͹繪ǧĴ͹ Ѻسѡɳ § ͡ʷҹѧǹͧ͡Ҥ˹ ¢͵Դ仴

ҼҹԺһռѧ÷ͧҤǹ ҧ¹仴˭ ֡ 索Ѵ͡价駵ǵʹҢͧ÷ͧ

Ѵҡͧѧ ͡ ѧҺҷҹ仾ҹҹǹآҾ ѧԭ ҹͧѧѵǡԴ ͧѺͧҾ ҷҺ ѧҼѺسѡɳ繵ǵ駵ǵ·ҹ觴

͹繹ѡ¹»˹ ҹ ҹ͹蹻ͧ ͧ价ûѴҴ 紶§͹ҹء ҹ¡ͧ "Ҩ" ͹

Ҽҹ令͹ ԴҹͧͧҹѧҹѧѵԤѺҴ ͧ龺ҹ ԺǹѺ¡ "ͧǷҹ" ǹѧ¾ҹա ͷҺͧպ Ѿ仢ͺسҹ

Ƿ·ҹѧѵ ҹǹآҾ Ѵ͵ ҡ͹¹ŧ˹ѧ;Ҩ ЫԺҺ͹ 繾ҡһá

͹¹ ˹ѧ;쩺Ѻ鹡ŧǡѺѧѵա ռ繢 ҹʹ ǧ ..ѹʹҤ ..ЪҪ¤ͺ ѧ 仡Թõҧ ʹյ˹Ҿä ͵ҧ Ҵüͧ价駵

պѾѹ سѹʹ׹ѹҧѧç ͧԧ ͧҹҹѺ зҹСҡ ѧ ´ѵ ѹҡԹѧѵԺطҧ ԹẺºҧ

仵Ǩä ;ҧ¢Ҵҵ ͡׹ѹҡԹѧѵԵѡ ҡ سѹʹͼ͢ǷʹԷѹҺ ¹§Ѻʹء ҹͧ

պ餹ʡǡѺ¹ͧҪѾйӤسѹʹ ͨ׹ ѴԹѧѵԵ سѡɳ·ͧ ;ǧʴ ҷʹ㹡з ǡ մ͡ ٨仴¸ҵҡ

͵͹¹ س͡ ǧ͹ ç¹ ҹ¡Ѻ ʧѡԴͺ ͹ Ǻҹ˹˹ͧѺ仴 Ҵ ҴŹ ҹҨ͡ѹҪ ѡҧúҧ

ٻзջ 駷ç ҵ պԴͻҹҹ Ъѹѹ ҹǹآҾ ѹ ǹѹŧǷ֡Ѱ ŧͷӧҹѹѹ

ǫԡպѾ֧ҹѵ ѡԡԧҪ ʴͧ ͧѹҺ Թ ҹ١ԹҺԨҤ繡͹á , ҷ ͹ҷŧҹ

͹˹ҹ ѹ ȡѧѴҹ "ءʡ" ȡ ѧѴ Ъѹͧ ѴԹ㨺ԨҤ ͺѹ

ȡѡ "÷ʧҧ ҷѹҾҧ"ʧѺ͹ ¡ѹ Ѻѵѵҡҧ

֡ͨѴ "С㨪ѡ" Ҽ·ǡѺͧ 繼ϡ. ǹǡا෾ ШѧѴ§ͧԹͧ仪ª·Դӷ˭ ҤԺһշҹ ¡ǹ仪¡ѹ֧

áö÷ء ͨӹǹ ѹ 觵 ѹ繡 ͪ¡ѹ Թѧ ֧ŹԸͧǧǧͧ鹤ոҪ ҹҷ ͧǧǧͧ
ɮҹ ҹҷ Ҵ͡ҪͧԴµԴ͡ѹҶ֧Ѩغѹ

ա˹觵͹ͧ¡ ͹鹴. ѡԳ Ѱյҧ Դ蹴ԹǷͧ ֡ҹͧѧ Ѻʹ Ҵѹ˹ Ѱ¤ҭ ͧ Ҩ֧繵ͧ仪

ǹԴաҧ˹ ª͡šѹ Шͨ ҵءҡ ͧ ҡͧ ͡ѺѰҧ¼ͧ仪 Ъǭ¤ ª¼ 繡ǹ 繷ҧҹ

㹷ش㹰ҹͧ¡ ͧõҧȡ˹Ҥ ѴԹѹء ͧѹ 觢鹡͡Թҧ ͹ѹءѾ .ԪԵ о ѰդҤ 繡üѴ ˭踹Ҥáا෾ ҡ͹ Թӹǹ˹ Ǽ˹ѧ

ԴҹѧԹ ⪤ .ѡԳ Թǹ֡˹ ԴԹ¡ ҹҷ ˹ҤԹҧ仵ҧȷ駷 ԹԴ

ҹӼҹҧ仺ԨҤ ׹ 仡ҹ͢ͺͧл਴ ҡš ÷ءͧԹ ѰŵҧҵѰá件֧

⪤ ͧԡԹǧ Թ .ѡԳԴ ӡѺ令׹繻֡§Ţ͹ ҡԹ Թҧ ɰժǭ蹷觤觢ͧͧͫҡ͡ ҢͧͧԹͧ ¡úԹ蹪

С㨪ѡ֧Ѻ˹ҷ˹Ҥ ǺԹ 仫͢ ջѭ㴹ѡ ѭҷҧâè֧件֧ѡ

ѡ١Ӻҵèҡȵҧ ҹҹ ¡úԹͧԹѡըӹǹҡ觵͹ ѧաú觡ѹ Ңͧ价ҧͧԹͧŧȵáͨᴹ ФҺ÷ءᾧҡ

֧֡ͧԹ÷ءͧ÷ú´ Ẻ ͧԹ ͧ¹ ˭ 鹤 ͧԹ㺾Ѵ蹡ѹ ͧ¹ պԴͼѧѺͧԹ ͧҡȷѹ ҡ͡ ѹ Ѹ´ҡ ´ءҧ оШѴͧԹѡ㹪ǧ ʧҹ Сѧ֧͡ѧѺͧԹʧҹ͹Դͧ ѧʧҹǤҡѹ

ͧԹ ÷ءҧҡ ѹ ҺԹҡا෾ ѡ ͧѹҧ ҧա ͹͡ԹҧзǧõҧȨеͧµԴ͢͹حҵҹҹһȵҧ 鹷ҧԹ

¡ѺѰյҧ ҺҡзǧõҧȡѧТͧ仪ѡͧԹ ӹǹ ֧ͧҹ颹õչɵâͧС㨪ѡա ҹ ŧ ˹仵͹Ҥ

Ҩ觷駷ҧͧԹзҧ й (õչɵ) վ ͡ҡ ͡ا෾ ѹ Թҧ ѹ â觴·ҧʹѧ çš 觢 ѹ 仨֧ͪѡҴŹ 觨ռ᷹ͧСԹҧͺѡ

ѰҴѾͺسС㨪ѡ ѺШѴͧ Ƿҹͧ Թҧѡҧ蹡ѹ

ҹҪԡ"ҤԴ"ҡӺحԴѾ ---, - - Ţ͹ѺѾŢá ͹ԹҺѭ Ҥáԡ ҢҺҧҡ Ѿ Ţ --- ͺѭ "ķ Թ йҧ ش÷Ѵ ç 㨪ѡ"

С稾ѧҪ СҺзҹҪ 觷ҹҪ ԨҤԹ ҹآ¡ ժ Ԩح ԨҤԹ㹹ͧʹҤʵѹҸԤ觻 Թ͹á , ҷ

С㨪ѡ ѺͨҡʶҹԷصҧ ͡ʾٴ¡ѺѧǡѺ ͧ ЪҪǹ˭ʹѺʹع Ѵҹչҡ ˹Դ ҹҨЪ餹ҡ 㹺ҹͧ¡͹֧͡仪» ͧҨФԴ蹹͹ѹ

ҧҡͺ仵ԧ ȷҡšءѧդҡʹ Ҩդҡ»蹡ѹʹ

㹡ûЪáҹǹ سç ⪤Ѳ ԨҤõչɵ ѹ ءҡ ͧѡ ͧ褹·ءʹҵͧ¡ѹ ˹ҷͧʹԡʹʹ˹ ѧ¤ٴԷءٴӹͧǡѹ

ʧԴѡ Ǣͧ Ҩ繴繴 ҡ 繻 §ѧǷš êʹ¸ ˹ ǹ駹 ѧǡҡѧӡѹҹ

ҡ餹 ੾ҪԡҤԴ׹Ѵ

"÷ʧҧ ҷѹҾҧ"