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͹ҤҡȡѺ˹ա ҪдѺâͧԹ ҡҤҹ ç¹ӵͧͼҹ ͡ ˹ǡҹԧ

˹ ͺ͹شһҡѹ ءŧѹ躹 Ǥ ŧ Һҹԧ ͧպ¡ ѹ仴Ѻ ҧ᷺Ѻ͹ ҨشѺҡ ͡㨡ѹҧ ѵ˹ѹ ١俤͡ ش Ѻ仹͹ҹʹ͹

¤˹ͨô ѧҧŤԭաҡ ҧҹͧóç ͡ѡáѧ ѧҿҧ һ͹

觤آѹҹ ء͹ͧ Ҥ ç¹ ¡û鹡ͧѹ ִ׹ʧ仡 к͡ ͡Գҵ ١ҵ ء ´ ੾ҧ ҹ¡ ѡԳ

ѹ Ҥ Ѱ任Ъͧҭ 繷ҹ˹ҵ Դҡ ͹ѺѺ ͹ 㹵˹觹¡ Ѻآҧ ˹ͧҤ ˹ͧѴ 繢ǡо ѧ价š

ѧѴᴹҤ ͧǡѹؤ ҧҡҷ 繽ͧ͢áШ͡ ǹʴ繪Ѵ ѧҡç¹١ ͧö١ õǨ١仡Ш·Ǿ鹷 ´¡մ ѹǾ Ǣ䫤¹˹ Ѻѡ

Ҿ˹ѧ; Ҿ͡ԳҵͧշõǨͻ׹ ѹءѹ ˵ءó

ѹ͹¡Ѻ͹繾͡³ ͡ ÷ͧѹö١鹹 繻ѵԡó ͧ »ҡҡ͹ ͹׹ѹ 繻ҡóšš ջ˹ ö١ 駡ͧѹ ѧ Ҵ˹

ö١֡ʹ 繹ѡ¹ѹáͧ ¨ͧͧ¡ ͧ ͻ׹ͧѹӻ (¢Ҵ˭) ʹҷ Թ㹡ӻ ѺЧպ ѡ˹Դͧ ١ŧ

ͧѹ 觵ͧաѧͧѹǴ繾 ѹշ˹ 仦 Ǣ׹ к͡

͹֧˭㹺ҹͧ ͧ¡ Ѱա ѰҴ ѭҡ ú ѭҡ Ǩ觪ҵ ͧѹ ѭҡ ҧѺᵹ ᵹ ҧ˹

֧ҷҹ¡ еͧѺ¹ѴѾ駽·о͹ һ ҧ

ͧ ͧ˹觷ç¹ Ͷ֧ ѡоٴ ͧѭ ҭ 繴Թᴹ 觻ѵʵ ʧš 駷ͧ 蹨Ѻ֡ ࡳҧö оҹ ֡ ١ҹá 纻ҡ ͺ ʧԡ ֡ʹѺ 仺͡ҵԾͧ ¡ѹ¹ ͧҭ㨺ح ҡѭس

мѺͺ Ͷ֧ѹԴسͤس ١ҹ仡Һҹ дǡ ԸѾ ѹ١蹡ѹ

ѹٻչѾ·ҹ 駤·繹ѡ¹Ѹ йѡ¹ ҹҪԡ ҤԴ ͧӺҧ ׺ ·ҹѧժԵ Ѻ ҧѾ

Ҩҹ˹觷ԴҴ Ң¡͹ 仨еͧѴѧ ҡҹ » Ѿҹ ͹ѧ ͤ駼 ѡ¹ ѧӺؤԡҷҧͧҹ ֧ѹ ҷҹ繤 þҡ 蹡ѹ ͹

ѧҡٴѾҹͧѹ ͹حҵسټ˭ԧ ҹͺ¹§

"ͧ ѹͧͧ "

ѹٻչͼѾԴ صǢͧҹѺѾ᷹§

"سҤ س"

͹ ·ùµǨ蹼ҧ˹ ǡѹԹ ҡѹѴ 仿ѧȹ ҡǧͻѭ ѴŻзҹ ء չԴ ç¹ ա ǧͻѭ ҹҼ

ͧ ҹͻЪ ҹѹ ˭ç 蹴Թ蹴Թͧ ʹ ѧѴظ Թ ѴŻзҹ ͽ֡ͺǪ ͧҡǧͻѭ ҹѴŻзҹ ػç 蹴Թ蹴Թͧ

͵鹻շ ͻЪ˹ѧͶ֧ н֡ͺǪԴ͡ѹ 駺ҳ ҹ ʹҷ ѹ֧֡ ҹ¡ ç ջªҡ ʹѺʹع ҹ¡ ͹ѵ

֡ͺ Թѧ ˭µͧ

ҡйӢͧм˭ 觷ҹ繤سҢͧý֡ͺԧس ʹ ҹ¡ ҹ繴 ѧѴç ѲҾѧ蹴Թ 㹡ý֡ͺ ɵáǪ ʹѺʹعçý֡ͺ ԧس ˹Ҫ ͧ͡ էҳͧ ͧԹѴ Թ

աç˹觤ҧ͹ 觼¹仺ҧ çɵԹ (ӡɵ ) ͼʹ зҹ¡ 繪ͺ ӹѡ¡ ˹ѧ¹ѧǢͧ 令ҧͧ¡ Ѿѧ й˹ҷ

мշ駷о͹ ءѺɵáش ǹ дѺзǧ ¹ԭ Ѱҡ зǧɵ Ъ ҹɳš зǧɵ е駤С ɵԹ觪ҵ ѺҾ ͧɵԹ

ǹǡѺԹ йͧºѷҷع ҪԡҤԴ·ҹ ͹ɰԨͧ ¢ͧԹͧ 㹪ǧ ʹԹҡ֧ ҹҷ ֧ѹѧҷع Թ Ỵҹҷ

ѷҷعШҧɵá㹷ͧԵԹ ٵ索ͧ Ǣ ɵá㹷ͧ蹹 Թ㹷ͧҴ ҤҶا ҷ ͧѷҷع ҷҹͧ

ͺѷҷعͧ繼 çɵԹ觪ҵ Ѻ仴Թõ 觷ҧҧ ҡ

Ѻ͹ҹ š էҹҡ Ѻй Ѻ ӵͺ ١ ҹ

ѹ͹ҹͧѴ˭ͧҤ ...Ѻ١ ҹͧ繹 ó ҾѺ ջШѡҹ Сͺ » ˹٤ Ѻ١ա˹ Ѵ෻¡÷ȹ سѺ й١ ١ Ҩ ѹᾷ駤 ѧԴ¡ù

ʹͷҹ¡ ʹͧҡ ҹ͡÷ȹ ¡ س ѹѹ Ҥ ¡ѹʹءʹҹ ͧӢѭѹ "ѡҵ ѡ ѡ¹ ѡ觴 ͹Ҥ͹"

¡ôسѺ鹤׹ ȹ Ҥ 繻Шӷءѹѹ ˡ ֧ˡ ҹҪԡ "ҤԴ" ´ µԪҧ д

͡¡ôس (繪ҪǪ) 㹤駡й Ͷ֧ѹ Ҽҹ Ժһ ؤ Ѵ¡ Ҽ͡ ¡ա ѺӢͧ §Դ ҹ ͡¡ зء ͹¡͹

͵鹻 Ҩǡҹ ٵ ѡ͡ҹѹѧҴ¡ѹ 仫 һ ç¹ ͧѡ §ͧ ѧ "غѹ" 觵çѺ "غ" ͧ

سѡɳ ѧʹءѺõ "غ" ҹúҹǹآҾ Ҫԡǹ˭ "" ͧ ׹ͪ Ҫԡ "ҤԴ" 駷 ҡʹѤҪԡ աԨ ʹءʹҹ Ѻͧغ

ѹʷ Ҿѹ . . غèԴǷҹúҹǹآҾ ԭҹʵҨ ᾷ öҴ ͧ "٤ǵ͵ҹ" ع÷ ٤ ҹԨ ҧᾷ ѡ 騴¹ º խҵԾͧ 秤è仿ѧ

ͻ͹Ҥ س੡ иҹ» آ 仺 ç¹ 觨Ѵ੾ ҪáԹ дѺ س੡׹ѹѺ ҡѡҹҧҪ ͧ͹ ʶԵԡ纻 ͧѧ ¡Ҥ ҡ سѧ ԴͧǡѺآҾ ʹ Ѳ

ǷǼ仡ѺТͧҹѹ ö仵ͧҧ Ѵ çҺ ҡ ѧ ʹҾط Թ % ١ͧªҵ ʹҤʵ ҡ ʹҾطҡ ԴѺԺѺ

çҺ çҺŷա ¼餹ͧ ֧آҾ ա ҹͧͧѧ ҹ Ҿ͹ͧ Ժ Ժշ ʴ觾ѲҴҹѵ 駴ҹԵ дҹ

ѹá件֧ѧ öѹǡѺ .ᾷԪ ͡ѡԳ ҵԸ ͧȡ Ѥȹ ѧ ѧҦҵǵҡ Һ͡ҷ駻 ҵǵ͹Թ (лҳ , ) ѹ件 Ԫ Ժһ ͺ͡ ʶԵԺշ դҵǵ» ,

仭蹤¡ѺҨԷ ͧշ ʶԵԡæҵǵ件֧ , ԭҡ 触ҵǵҡ л 蹡ѹ ʴ繪Ѵ ԭҹѵҡ 觷ءҡ

ҨԺ¡繹͡ѹ ӹѡҹѲɰԨѧ觪ҵ (ҾѲ) ҨоѲһ آ ҷءѹ

ͧ͹ԾҡԨóѹ˹ ҾѲҨػʹͤѰº "ͺآ ä¢ͧѧ §ͤ÷" ˹ѧ "ҤԴ" ѧԴǤͧ

Ȩչ鹵ѺͧáԹ 价šҹҹ йդԹਹҡ ͧš

Ҩ Ңͧç¸ҹ ç˹觢ͧѧѴɮ ԭ سѡɳ иҹѧѵ 㹾Ը Դӡ Ҥ觻Ȩչ ū ͹Ҿѹ 㹻Ȩչ Ǩչ͵ Ҥѧ 繻иҹԵѡ ͧҤ

Ѻҡչ ùʹ ¹ҹҪԡҺ

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