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仾ç¹ӫҹҹҴ ѡоٴ§ǡѹ ʺ ǼͧѺʺ ͧͧҧ ҧ ͧ仵ҧ仵ҧѧѴ繻Ш㹪ǧҷҹ

⪤ѧѧ ¤駡ҨСѺ֧ͧҭͺͧ ͧ ǾѺѺý֡ͺ͹ ҵͧѺҧç¹ Ѻö . ҤӺҡ Ѻöҡҡ仫ء㹵ͧ ҡѺŧҡ öШӷҧ ҭѺöʹ ç¹ Ҩд֡˹

ͧ͹ҹҼ仭蹶֧ ⷢش ԭ֡ǡѺҧ çҺ , §㹡ا෾ 觼ѧ "ҤԴ" ҧ سͻ äǡѺͧлҷ ҡ硹¡ ҡ˹ѡԧ

ѹѧ ⷢ͡شͧçҺӤѭͧآҾ § ҧçҺ㹡ا෾ ҡ纻¨дբաҡ ä ѧ ´ѡ Դ餹㹻 Ѻҹʧ ҡçҺ ҧ

¤ ҡû¢ͧسբ դԹԡçҺ ҡش㹭繷 š ٴѺ ⷢش ͧѺ ͤ˹ çҺ ɷѡ·ءءä ҷӹͧ 褹¾ٴ ѹ "ҧͪͺҧ" ᡾ѡ˹繴 ͼʹҹҨͷ ѡ

ҺҤ蹪ͺйѺͤѹ ѧԭѺسѡɳѡѡҹҹѺ سóԾ Ѫú ʹյ ..ا෾ 繷֡Ңͧͻȵҧ » 㹡ѡẺ ҧ Ѻҧ­ͧҡҤᾷѹ 褹ѹ ֧ⷢ͡ش ͺء駷仾 Ѻ äҴǨä ҡ纻 ҡ ҨóԾѡẺ ⷢش

ͧҡԴ·ç¹ سѡɳ֧᷹ դسѷǴ ǧѳ ªͼФسѡɳҹѺǭҹҹѺ 仪´µ ͧѹáͭ蹫繼Ǫҭ駹鹷Ǵⷢش餳Тͧѡ ҵѴԹ ԹҧѺ ⷢشҡѴԹ ͷǴҧ˹˹ҡѹ ⷢش ҹԴѹ仵ǨеͧԴҧ仴

ҨóԾѡ ѹ ҡ͡բҧ蹪Ѵ ¹͹Ѻǧ ͹Դ͡ѹ֧ ·ŷءͧҷաҹ ŷ ʹաԹ ⷢشж֧Ѻٴ˹ ͼǪҭͧᡫӹǹҡ ê 褳Тͧҹ ҨóԾԭǪҭѡẺ ҡѹ仪ѡա Тͧⷢشդҡ ѷҡ

ѹ͡ҡѡ ͹оҺŷͺⷢش ѧй Ӿٴç ѡ͹ҧ§ ¹پ繷ٴѺ ä µͤҧ

ⷢش´Ѻçҹʹѹ ͹ҧ ١ ١ͧ ʹԷ ҧԵѧ仵 ѹ Ҫ͹աç˹觴 ¾ٴѺ

"ⷢشѺ ͨͧ͹ ͵ͧ͹ҧ׹ҧ ҧѹҧ ѡ ءҧԴ"

ҧ褳Ф ç ҡѺҡ礧͹ա ա еԴѹ ѺҹҡԹ ѺӵԵԧҷӧҹҡԹ ⷢش 觡Ҽ

ʶҺѹä秷ҹҪԡ "ҤԴ" ҺԴԹ դѺѡء§ ͧҧ ͧ ͧԨҤŹԸ§ ͧ ա ͧ 觨еͧ觤׹͹ѹҤ ⷢشзҺ絡ŧ㨫 ͧӹǹҴ Թ ҹ ʹҷ

ͧçҺ , § ֧ç˭Թҡ ⷢشҨ Ӿٴ з ¼ԴӾٴ "ͺ" ͹Ѻ褹蹴¡ѹͧ ºþس ͷ ͧ֡֡ 褹ҷ

͵͹Ȩԡ¹աûЪСɵԹ觪ҵ зǧɵ ѷҷعҪӡѴ ͸Ժ¶֧â»ԹҤҷعɵ ١һ 觵ͤ

ҹҪԡ "ҤԴ" ҧҹ«鹺ѷҷع͹駺ѷ 鹷š 鹢ͧѷ Ңͧ´ ͧ鹨е 赡С 仢µ ԨҤѷҷع ѡɳЫ 繺ѷҪз踹Ҥ÷ǻ ѧոҤ 繸Ҥ Ҫ

ͧ͢ҤáҤҹ ҤҢҡ عѧ ҡ зɰԨѧԹҵҧ ѧҡѡ ʹ¶֧ ҹҷ ɰԨŧԹҡ¢繪ѹ

֧ѹҨѺͧԹǡФЪȡѴ 繪ǧ⪤ 鹻 Ҥһ ɵáè繵ͧҷ ͹Ǽҹ¡ ѡԳ ׹ѹöɵá ¨ ¡â»ԹҤҷع ҹ¡ ԹҳԹâ·ǻ ¹ҹҢѷҷع ¡ ʹѺʹعҵѧ繹¡ 繼ءԡ͹ Ǩ֧ǧҧ

㹷Ъ ѷҷع§ҹ »Թ Ҥ֧ͧ ѧѴ ºԹѺ ˹ѡФسҾҡѹ Ҥҷҭ Թا ҷ з Ҥᾧ֧ا ҷ

èҧԵ鹷Ӿ ѹ Ը ҧѷ˭ Եµٵ÷ѷҷع˹ ԸչյçöüԵҡá Ըշͧ ҧǺҹԵ ҧǺҹ Ѻɵá㹷ͧǡѹ ·ɵáէҹ

Ъҹ§ мѺ¡ͧԻѭ 觤ءաѺ ɵԹ ҡ Ъ ҹѴԷȡɵԹ ɵԹ좳й˹§ շҾ ˹ѧ ෻ 蹫մ ͹ͧЪ ҤСҴٹԷȡ ҹ ªҡ

ѧҡѧ͸Ժ¢ͧѴúѷҷع (سͺ ѹǪ) աä˹ Ѵҹ ҧ繪ͺ͡ѹ 觼šúءԡѰѺ价ӵǷҧͧ ѷҷع ʹ ԢͧЪҹ¡ϷҺ 駷ѡɳѡ ¹ҹҨ

¹ʹҹ¡ 觼 ءѧѴ»Թɵá㹨ѧѴ Ҥ ҷع 觺ѷҷعЪǤԴʹ ¼Թҳ ҼϷءѧѴҧԧѧ ɵá¨Ŵ鹷عüԵҡ

ǧ⻵ҧٴ§ǡѹ Ѻõ͵ҹҧҡҡһ жԹҧ ҨТҴŻª

»ǼѺԭ仾ٴ㹷Ъѡɵ ٴ ɵԹ ͧФ ͹ѧѵ ҵ» դԹѧѵ ӹǹԴ ٴѡɳзɵա ǹ ɵԹ "ѹСѹ"

ѹɵԹҧǴԹҴ 繷ԵѧŢͧѡɵ ش ˹ǧҧá ɵáҵѺԧ ѹҷɵԹ

ѧѴᴹҤǹҧ ҹʹյӹ¡ çҺ Ҵ˭ ҨԷʧҹԹ ͧҴѡҴ˭ ǧ ͧдɷͧԹ

ŧࢵԴ йдɷѡǹѹѺ ҹ ੾еǹ բͤԴ ¹Ҿͧ ҹ仵Դ Сͧ 觼¹¡ ѡԳҺ

˵ءó͵ҡ Ҵ纨ҡö١蹷Ѻ¤äºѹ çҺ ͧѰҧͧ駡Ѻҹ 觷ԧеͧҧ䵵Դ͡ѹ ֧ ͹ ʹ͹ҡ ¹ҹѴзǧҸóآҺ ͡ʾѹ ҹɳš ͹ѹҤ

ʺ 駼ѺҴ纨ҡ¡ê ҵԢͧªԵ 硡Ӿ ˭ԧ ˹ á١ Ҥ ǡ ¤ǧҷҪվ Ѻӵͺ "ʹ١"

ªԵ ١ Ҵ èЪͧ֡Ңͧ١ ͧ¹ ҹ¡ ѡԳҺ蹡ѹ

ͧ֡Ҿǡҡǧա 硤˹¹ .˹ ᡵͺѹ "¹"

ԴЪǹѹѹ ѹҤա˹ ¤Դ§ҹѹ-Ъ ֧͹ѹ ѹҤ йԹҡ "С㨪ѡ" ѧ աҳ ҹ ʹҷ仪 觺ѧԭա иҹ ش ͡ҡԹǼФСТɳºѵ ¹Ҩҡǻ ҹٹسͺ繡ѧ㨴

ʹҡԧ ¡ѹáآҵ˹ Դ˵ ѹ ͧ´ҧ

ЪҪʺ·Դ˹͵ҡ Դ˵ Ҵ ᷹ءʹ ѧѹءʹҧҡ͹ (շ駾 ҷǧ ҡѧѴ ǫԡ դҸԤ)

㹰ҹ˹Ҥк͡Ѻͧ Ҩ˹ҧǧ ҡ˵ءóʧŧ ͢ٹسСѺա

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