ͨҡѺ


.. Ŵ D ҧ
ԨóҴһѭҤպ㹪ԵԴ鹴ѧ ҡ ҡ ҡ 繤ͧǹԹ 繢ͧԵ ͧ ҡ

֧ҷɮդͧõӴѺ鹢ͧЪ Ѻ 觵ͺʹͧ ͧ ӴѺ鹵͹˹ ҧ§ ТѺǧ 觵ͺʹͧ ͧ ӴѺ ٧鹵 ɮչ ͸Ժ ͧ ǡѹ ӴѺ ǡѹ ͧФ ֧ҡѹ

ҧ ҧԹ , ҷ ֡ѡСѹ 蹤 ʹ㹪Ե § СǢǧ ͧ ӴѺ ٧ ҷ Ѵ ֡ ԺѵԸ Шѡ֧ԧǡѺԵͧ (Self Realization) 繵 㹢з褹ҧ ùԹ Ѻ ҹҷ ѧ֡ Եդ蹤 ʹ¾ ѧͧù Թ ҡ ҹ ѡСѹ 蹤ͧԵ

óչҡԵ㹴ҹǵоطҵʶ֧ 㹾ٵ Ъ͸Ժ ˵آͧ ҡó ѧѴ ͧҡФ ١ͺ çҧ ͧ ὧ㹨Եǹ֡ҡѹ ֧ѡѹ Դҳ ͧ ӴѺ ᵡҧѹ öŴ¨Ե ҡäͺ ¤Ƿὧ 㹨Եǹ֡ ҡ дѺͧ ͧǹԹ պͧ ùǧ 觵ҧ ҵͺʹͧ ͧ ѧ Դѭ պ㹪Ե Ŵŧ ҹ

㹾ٵ ͡˹ͨҡáǶ֧ ҧ оطǶ֧ѧ С Դ зǵҧ

. ѧԴҡѭ
. ѧԴҡ
. ѧԴҡçҹѹ
. ѧԴҡʧѧѵ

âҴѭ͢Ҵ㨷ШҧѴ 繵鹷ҧͧ ÷ҡ ״ ͡Ǽ (觷 㹤״) Ѵ 㹤״ѧ ὧҧ ʧҷԵͧҧѺ״ 觵ҧ ҧѴਹ ѧ 繵

ҧá ֧դ㨡ШҧѴ դ¨ҹ ѧǤӺҡ еͧ 㹡÷ӧҹ ѹػäҧ ҡѧ ж١ͺ ԷԾ ͧ ͧ ǹԹ ͧԵ ÷ҵͧùǧ Ѿѵ ҡ 騺 ѾԹ ͡Թ С ١ҹ (ǹ˹觤֡ ѵ ǵͧ) Ҩеͧ༪ԭѺ ء Ӻҡ ˹ öԵ ҧآʺ (ͧ) 繵

ջѭ դ ҡѧաáз ͻСͺçҹ ١ͧ 觡áз ɴѧ 觼šз Ѻҧѭ 赹ѹ ѹ˹觢ҧ˹ кպ餹 ѧ ҡ֡ ҧԧ

ش¶֧աѧԴҡѭ աѧԴҡ աѧ Դҡçҹ ѹ ѧ ὧ աʧ ҷ͡ ͤ 駷ҧ Ҩ зҧ (¡¤ Ŵǵ ŧ) Ƿὧ 㹨Եǹ֡ ٭ 繵ǵ ͧ ѡɳ ѡɳ˹ ѧԴ ͧǹԹ ʴѡҾ պ鹤 繷ء

Դѧ С ֧˵ŰҹЪ¤¾ѹҡâͧ ὧ 㹨Ե ǹ֡ ѹЪŴ ͧǹԹ зԵ öѲ дѺ鹵͹ ٧ ͺǤԴ Ңҧ 觡ѧ Сù öػŧ ͧ ͧǡѹ ͡ ǵ ͧͧ (ͧ ͧ ¡Шҡѹ Ե ҹ дѺͧǡѹ)

öŴ ִ㹤繵ǵͧҡ աѧ ͧѭ 㨤ԧ 繨ԧ աѧͧ ԴѺ ʾآʺ͵ աѧͧçҹ ѹ ͧҡ´¹ 繢ͧ ʹաѧ Դҡ ʧ ¡ Ҩ ( ѧѵ) Ф ѧ ѧҡ ҹ 觼 ὧ㹨Եӹ֡ǹ֡ µ Ŵŧ ШзͧǹԹ С 繵ǵͧԵ Ŵŧ դѹѹ Ἱ

ͧǹԹͧԵ

Ƿὧ㹨Եǹ֡

ǵͧ


3.6 Ẻѭͧ

ὧͧѭ Шԧͧѭ

ͧǹԹ 觵ͺʹͧͧ

ҡẺ˵觻ѭҤպ鹢ͧԵͧ Եͧ ١պ鹴ὧ ͧѭ ʹ 觼 ͧ´ù ǧ 觵ͺʹͧ ͧõҧ Һѧὧ ͧѭ (Potentiality) ҡШԧ (Actuality)

ö١պͧùǧ觵ҧ ҢѴҧǻѭһҡ͡ Ѩ 繨ԧ 蹹 Т Ѵ (Dialectic) š¡ (Alienation) ҡ ԧͧԵ طʹ¡ "ءѨ" ͧҡԧͧԵ 跹ҡ (ء) ֧ͧǧ 觵ͺʹͧ ͧ ¡ ͧѹͧ ҧԵ Ẻҧ (Defence Mechanism) ¡ź͹ѧ Ե ͧ༪ԭ˹ҡѺ Ҿ ԧ 跹ҡ ѧ 觼 š¡ҡѨТͧԵ

ǡѹǧ觵ͺʹͧͧҡź͹ѭҡ 觼 仡е Դ ʾԴ Դ֡ "" ѷ ѺʾԴ 觹 "" 㹨Եǹ֡Ҩ٭觤繵ǵ ʾ 觵ͺʹͧ ͧ ѧ ҡ ѹ觼šе "ͧ ǹԹ" ͧԵµ ͺӤ֡ ֡Դ 㹨Եӹ֡ ¶ǧ "觵ͺʹͧ ͧ" ʾ ֡ ֡Դ "ὧͧѭ" лҡ "Шԧ" 繷ѹ

ҧ ԴҺ͵Դ öҺʾ ὧ ͧѭ лҡ Шԧ Դء ù ҡ ʾҺ ʾ 觼ͧùҺ ʾ Ŵءҹ ѧ

ʾҺʾ ֡ͧǵѷ ѺФ֡ آ ҡʾ Һ С ˹蹢 Դ֡ ֡ ٭ 觤繵ǵ آҡ ѧ

Դͧ÷ǧҺ ѹ繤ͧǹԹ ͧԵ ͧСͺǹ˹ 觤繵ǵ ͧԵ ¶ҢҴҺ ͢Ҵ 鹡֡ ͹ǵͧԵ ҧҧ٭ Ե ó 㹷ش ҡ ͧù ǧԹ ѧ Ե

㹡ó蹹 ˹ҧŴФպ繷ء ҧ˭ 觵ͺʹͧ ͧ С˹ (S ) Сҷҧ ͧ ǹԹ ͧԵ Ŵŧ աС˹ (D ) µͧջѭѧǧ 觵ͺʹͧ ͧ ѧ 仡е ͧ ǹԹͧԵ µҡ ա

͹ҡûǴعç ᾷѡҴ¡ǴͺҡêǤǡ͹ (жһ Ǵҡ ҧҨ ҡ) ǡѹ ͧԹԨ دҹ ͧäѡ ˵آͧҡûǴǹ Ǵ ҧ ö ѡҵ˵ ҧ١ش Ǵѧ Ҩ仡Ѻѧҡ دҹ ͧäµ ѹҡ͡ѡѧ з ªԵ 㹷ش ѡä ѡéѹ ѭҪԵ ѡɳдبǡѹѹ

öѭҧ١ش öŴФͧǹԹ繢ͧԵ ҷ ŴõԴ Һ͵Դ ѧҧ óշ 繵 ὧͧѭ ѹͧ ѹѺ õԴҺ ͵Դҡ 繵ͧ Һ Һѧ ҧ觤ԧ ͧԵǹ ա

ŷشöŴªԵҡѹҡâͧ Фͧ ǹԹͧҧ ҡ ФѴ Фš¡ (Alienation) ҡ ԧͧԵ Ф Ŵŧ ӴѺ Եö ʡѺ ѨФԧ óҡ

ҹͩѺ˹
-ҤԴ Ѻ áҤ -